Resource Image Nutrition: What are Nutrients?
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Type of Resource: Science Object
Average Rating: Rating
 based on 6 reviews
Publication Title: None
Grade Level: Elementary School, High School, Middle School


Science Objects are two hour on-line interactive inquiry-based content modules that help teachers better understand the science content they teach This Science Object, co-developed between FDA and NSTA, is the third of four Science Objects in the Nutrition SciPack. It explores nutrients and the specific physiological functions associated with each nutrient. Carbohydrates, fats, and proteins provide energy for body movement and physiological processes; proteins provide building material for body tissue as well as substances for important physiological processes; and vitamins and minerals regulate body processes. Water carries nutrients, provides an environment for many physiological functions and is part of the composition of the body itself. Getting too much or too little of these nutrients can cause undesired effects; good nutrition involves getting the right amounts {and in the right combinations}. Other substances in food, including phytonutrients, may also have important health benefits that are not yet well understood.

Ideas For Use


Posted in General Science and Teaching by Carolyn Mohr on Wed May 07, 2014 6:11 PM

Hi Jill, I was hoping someone from CA would have responded to you. I live in Illinois, so do not know what might be mo...
Posted in Life Science by Patricia Rourke on Mon May 09, 2011 7:14 PM

NSTA also has the great SciGuide and free SciObjects abailable to members. They are a wonderful resource for elementary...
Organic Molecules
Posted in Chemistry by Jennifer Rahn on Tue Nov 16, 2010 2:44 PM

The Nutrition SciPack contains a great deal of information about the chemistry and biology related to the food we eat. T...

Additional Info

Science Discipline: (mouse over for full classification)
Membrane transport
Physical fitness
Intended User Role:Elementary-Level Educator, High-School Educator, Middle-Level Educator
Educational Issues:Inquiry learning, Professional development, Teacher content knowledge


Resource Format:
Size: KB
Installation Remarks:

National Standards Correlation

This resource has 7 correlations with the National Standards.  

This resource has 7 correlations with the National Standards.  

  • Life Science
    • The cell
      • Food molecules taken into cells react to provide the chemical constituents needed to synthesize other molecules. (9-12)
      • Both breakdown and synthesis are made possible by a large set of protein catalysts, called enzymes. (9-12)
      • Cell functions are regulated. Regulation occurs both through changes in the activity of the functions performed by proteins and through the selective expression of individual genes. (9-12)
  • Science in Personal and Social Perspectives
    • Personal health
      • Regular exercise is important to the maintenance and improvement of health. (5-8)
      • Personal exercise, especially developing cardiovascular endurance, is the foundation of physical fitness. (5-8)
  • Process Standards for Professional Development
    • Research-Based
      • Address teachers' needs as learners and build on their current knowledge of science content, teaching, and learning. (NSES)
    • Design
      • Introduce teachers to scientific literature, media, and technological resources that expand their science knowledge and their ability to access further knowledge. (NSES)

State Standards Correlation

Use the form below to view which of your state standards this resource addresses.

User Reviews

Weight Watchers!
  Robin Willig (Rye Brook, NY) on April 5, 2015
  Anyone who has been involved in the Weight Watcher program will understand the science behind the food you NEED to eat and the food you need to avoid. This science object reviews everything related to reaching and maintaining a healthy diet.

I Love Science Objects!
  Naomi Beverly (Marietta, GA) on September 3, 2014
  I really enjoy Science Objects. In 1-3 hours, the Nutrition: What are Nutrients? Science Object will help me re-learn, refresh, or learn for the first time some critical science concepts I will have to know to obtain my Science Educator credentials. I appreciate that I can complete them at my own pace, and that, if used as park of a SciPack, I have access to a content expert to go to for help. The NSTA Learning Center Science Objects are very beneficial! Not only will they enrich my teaching, the knowledge will enrich my life.

Great overview
  Katherine Jezidija-Kendall on January 16, 2012
  Great review and overview of nutirion basics.

  Eunice R on January 28, 2015
  I really enjoyed this resource as I will be using it to teach students about nutrition and it explains what nutrients are and what purpose they serve in the human body.

what keeps the body going
  Brandon on February 18, 2014
  There are many types of nutrients that help our bodies function throughout the day. A food pyramid would be good to use and have up in my PE class to go over to see what type of nutrients are being put into their bodies. Having the students know this would be beneficial for the students to help them with learning in the class room with the understand that is energy needed on a daily basis. I would explain how the nutrients would be helping them in their school and learning. The students need to have a brief summary of the nutrients and what body part or benefit is to come. In my PE classes I have touch a little on eating habits the food pyramid, and importance of being active daily.

Nutrients review
  Teresa Welch (Langley, WA) on November 2, 2011
  The content in this section is presented well and the interactive portion is fun to work with. My suggestion is to have a link to the beginning of the section on the last page (credits or glossary) so one can get back to the first part easily. As it is, you have to page back, which is a bit tedious.