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  Impact of Polar Climate Change on Living Systems


Dr. David KirchmanDr. David Kirchman
Dr. David Kirchman was born and grew up near Green Bay, Wisconsin. He received a B.A. in Biology from Lawrence University, which is just south of Green Bay, and a Ph.D. in environmental microbiology from Harvard University in 1982. After postdoc stints at the University of Georgia and the University of Chicago, he joined the faculty at the University of Delaware in 1986 where he has been since. He served as the director for the Marine Biology-Biochemistry program in Delaware's College of Marine and Earth Studies and was also the associate dean 2001-2006. He is now the Maxwell P. & Mildred H. Harrington Professor of Marine Studies. In addition to publishing over 100 papers, he is the editor of the book "Microbial Ecology of the Oceans" and has nearly finished a sequel to it. His research is focused on understanding the role of bacteria and other microbes in the carbon cycle of the oceans. One of his current projects is to examine microbes in coastal waters off of Barrow, Alaska, but other projects have taken him to Antarctica, on oceanographic cruises from Hawaii to Tahiti, and to the mangrove forests of Costa Rica, where his wife is originally from. He doesn't windsurf a ny more, but he still enjoys other sports, including golf sometimes with his wife.

Dr. Rolf Gradinger
Dr. Rolf Gradinger Dr. Gradinger studied biology at two universities in Mainz and Kiel, Germany, earning a Masters and Doctorate degrees in marine biology at Kiel University. Since completing his PhD, his main interest has been in Arctic sea ice ecology, which he explored as a Post-Doc and Assistant Professor at two institutions in Germany. In 2001 he moved to Alaska to work as a polar ecologist at the School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences at the University of Alaska in Fairbanks. Recently he explored the activity and diversity of life in Arctic sea ice in various locations, including three Arctic expeditions with ice breakers for two projects funded by the National Science Foundation and more than 10 trips to Barrow, Alaska.

Besides his research, Dr. Gradinger leads the Census of Marine Life Arctic Ocean Diversity project and is a member of various national research committees (e.g. UNOLS AICC, NSF BEST Scientific Steering Group). He is also the editor of the journal Polar Biology. In his spare time Dr. Gradinger enjoys listening to classical music, birding, fishing, kayaking, and spending time with his family.

Dr. Jacqueline Grebmeier
Dr. Jacqueline Grebmeier is Research Professor and a biological oceanographer at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. She is the U.S. delegate to the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), a current member of the U.S. Polar Research Board of the National Academies, and served formerly as a member of the U.S. Arctic Research Commission following appointment by President Clinton. She has contributed to coordinated international and national science planning efforts including service on the steering committee for U.S. efforts in the upcoming International Polar Year. Over the last twenty years she has participated in over 33 oceanographic expeditions on both U.S. and foreign vessels, many as Chief Scientist, and she is the overall project lead scientist for the U.S. Western Arctic Shelf-Basin Interactions project, which is one of the largest U.S. funded global change studies now underway in the Arctic. Her research includes studies of pelagic-benthic coupling in marine systems, benthic carbon cycling, benthic faunal population structure, and polar ecosystem health, and she has published over 60 peer-reviewed scientific papers.

Her role in many international research projects includes coordination of the benthic biological and sediment tracer studies and analysis of ecosystem status and trends on Arctic continental shelves. A recent study in which she was lead author that was published in Science provides some of the first direct evidence for biological community responses to warming and oceanographic shifts in the Bering Sea ecosystem and she has also served as editor of several books and journal special issues.

Amy Clapp
Amy Clapp Amy Clapp is a fourth, fifth, and sixth grade science teacher at Salisbury Community School in Salisbury, Vermont. She also serves as the Addison Central Supervisory Union Science Curriculum Coordinator, and is a Science Network Leader for the state of Vermont. In 2004 and 2005 she was a teacher in the TREC (Teachers and Researchers Exploring and Collaborating) program. She traveled to rivers in Siberia, Canada, and Alaska, working alongside scientists on a global climate change study.

Since returning from her fieldwork, she has brought her experiences into the classroom and to other teachers by acting as the teacher consultant on the Student-Partners Project and developing lessons based on her experiences. Additionally, her consultant work has included giving presentations and conducting workshops at the Vermont Science Teachers Association conference, the Museum of Science in Boston, and American Geophysical Union. Amy is a graduate of Colby College, and the University of Montana. She holds a Masters of Science Education from the Vermont Colleges.

Betty Carvellas
Betty Carvellas Betty Carvellas is a teacher and science department co-chair at Essex High School in Essex Junction, Vermont. Her professional service includes work at the local, state and national levels. She served as co-chair of the Education Committee and was a member of the Executive Board of the Council of Scientific Society presidents and is a past president of the National Association of Biology Teachers.

In 1981 Ms. Carvellas received the Sigma Xi Outstanding Vermont Science Teacher Award, in 1984 she received the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science and Mathematics Teaching, and in 2000 she was named Honorary Member of the National Association of Biology Teachers. In 2001 Ms. Carvellas was selected for the NSF funded TEA program, Teachers Experiencing Antarctica and the Arctic, and she has spent four summers working with scientists in the Bering Sea and Arctic Ocean. Ms. Carvellas was a charter member and chair of the Vermont Standards Board for Professional Educators and served on the Board of Directors of the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study.

Her interests include interdisciplinary teaching, connecting "school" science to the real word, traveling with students on international field studies, and bringing inquiry into the science classroom. Ms. Carvellas was a charter member of the Teacher Advisory Council of the National Academies and she served as chair of the ad hoc committee that organized the TAC's 2004 workshop on Linking Mandatory Professional Development to High Quality Teaching and Learning.

Dr. R. Max Holmes
Dr. R. Max Holmes Dr. R. Max Holmes is an earth system scientist at the Woods Hole Research Center in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. He works in the Arctic on issues related to global climate change, focusing on large rivers flowing into the Arctic Ocean and how their hydrology and biogeochemistry is changing as the earth warms. His “Student Partners Project” involves K-12 students and teachers from Russia, Canada, and Alaska in arctic research, in part to benefit the research but also because he believes that student and teacher involvement is one of the best ways for the science to have a positive impact on society. Dr. Holmes is a member of the SEARCH (Study of Environmental Arctic Change) Science Steering Committee and is Chair of the SEARCH Education and Outreach Working Group.

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