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How Assessment and Testing Developed Book Chapter
Book Chapter
How Assessment and Testing Developed
By: Edwin P. Christmann and John L. Badgett
Grade Level: Elementary School, High School, Middle School
The United States has approximately 55 million students in grades K–12. On average, teachers administer 100 teacher-generated tests per school year, which translates into America’s students taking approximately 550 million—that’s 550,000,000—teacher-generated tests per year. Taking this extraordinary number into consideration, it should be clear that an understanding of testing is essential for teaching practitioners throughout all grade levels and...  [view full summary]
The United States has approximately 55 million students in grades K–12. On average, teachers administer 100 teacher-generated tests per school year, which translates into America’s students taking approximately 550 million—that’s 550,000,000—teacher-generated tests per year. Taking this extraordinary number into consideration, it should be clear that an understanding of testing is essential for teaching practitioners throughout all grade levels and subject areas. If you are a teacher, you need to understand the methods and procedures of educational measurement, not only to be competent, but also to be able to design tests that consistently measure the intended outcomes of your classroom instruction. This free selection provides a historical context of assessment practices commonly used in the classroom today. It also includes the Table of Contents and Index.
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Scales and Number Distributions Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Scales and Number Distributions
By: Edwin P. Christmann and John L. Badgett
Grade Level: High School, Middle School
Statistics is a branch of science that deals with the collection, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of numerical data. We use statistics every day to solve problems. Geneticist Gregor Mendel, for example, experimented with pea plants, which led to the development of theories of dominant and recessive genes. Similarly, teachers use statistics to average classroom grades to determine what students have learned as a result of classroom instruction....  [view full summary]
Statistics is a branch of science that deals with the collection, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of numerical data. We use statistics every day to solve problems. Geneticist Gregor Mendel, for example, experimented with pea plants, which led to the development of theories of dominant and recessive genes. Similarly, teachers use statistics to average classroom grades to determine what students have learned as a result of classroom instruction. In this chapter, the authors demonstrate how you can use the powerful tool of descriptive statistics in your classroom to help you summarize, organize, and simplify data.
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The Impact and Utility of the WCI Curriculum Book Chapter
Book Chapter
The Impact and Utility of the WCI Curriculum
By: Dennis Smithenry and Joan Gallagher-Bolos
Grade Level: High School
In this chapter, Dennis Smithenry presents the results of research he conducted at Joan Gallagher-Bolos’ school. He had two main goals—the first was to create a set of engaging video cases about Joan's teaching practice that would be useful to other science teachers—and the second was to determine how the WCI curriculum affected the students who experienced it. When the authors designed the WCI curriculum, they wanted students to experience what it...  [view full summary]
In this chapter, Dennis Smithenry presents the results of research he conducted at Joan Gallagher-Bolos’ school. He had two main goals—the first was to create a set of engaging video cases about Joan's teaching practice that would be useful to other science teachers—and the second was to determine how the WCI curriculum affected the students who experienced it. When the authors designed the WCI curriculum, they wanted students to experience what it is like to be a member of a scientific community, acquire some of the skills necessary to construct scientific knowledge, and still learn the chemistry concepts found in the traditional chemistry curriculum. The findings from the research study indicate that the enactment of the WCI curriculum does lead to these goals.
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Summary Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Summary
By: Dennis Smithenry and Joan Gallagher-Bolos
Grade Level: High School
Teachers know there is a huge time commitment involved with writing, implementing, and assessing new approaches for the classroom. But they also know how important it is to continue to grow as educators and improve their practices. Ultimately, the authors hope that teachers will value the idea of the WCI approach and decide to let go of their students' hands by giving them the opportunities and guidance that will help them develop a self-sufficient...  [view full summary]
Teachers know there is a huge time commitment involved with writing, implementing, and assessing new approaches for the classroom. But they also know how important it is to continue to grow as educators and improve their practices. Ultimately, the authors hope that teachers will value the idea of the WCI approach and decide to let go of their students' hands by giving them the opportunities and guidance that will help them develop a self-sufficient classroom community of learners.
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Member Price: $2.79      Nonmember Price: $3.49
Correlation Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Correlation
By: Edwin P. Christmann and John L. Badgett
Grade Level: High School, Middle School
This chapter will discuss the concept of correlation, which is used in later chapters that will explain the concepts of validity and reliability. Here, the authors introduce the Pearson correlation coefficient, a statistic that is used with ratio or interval-scaled data. In addition, they introduce the Spearman correlation, which is used with ranked or ordinal-scaled data.
This chapter will discuss the concept of correlation, which is used in later chapters that will explain the concepts of validity and reliability. Here, the authors introduce the Pearson correlation coefficient, a statistic that is used with ratio or interval-scaled data. In addition, they introduce the Spearman correlation, which is used with ranked or ordinal-scaled data.
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Validity Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Validity
By: Edwin P. Christmann and John L. Badgett
Grade Level: High School, Middle School
In this chapter, the authors will describe the four types of validity: construct validity, content validity, concurrent validity, and predictive validity. Depending on the test and the rationale or purpose for its administration, and understanding of the different types of validity can give teachers useful information about students’ test results. Moreover, if test results are going to be used to help make educational policy decisions, a knowledge...  [view full summary]
In this chapter, the authors will describe the four types of validity: construct validity, content validity, concurrent validity, and predictive validity. Depending on the test and the rationale or purpose for its administration, and understanding of the different types of validity can give teachers useful information about students’ test results. Moreover, if test results are going to be used to help make educational policy decisions, a knowledge of validity will give teachers and educational planners a more scientific basis for measuring student achievement. Therefore, to be more confident in the systematic and empirical interpretation of test results, teachers should understand the four types of validity.
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Central Tendency and Variability Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Central Tendency and Variability
By: Edwin P. Christmann and John L. Badgett
Grade Level: High School
This chapter presents two important interrelated topics in statistics: central tendency and variability. Measures of central tendency show how similar the data points in a set of data are, while measures of variability show how much the data points vary. The first half of this chapter discusses three important measures of central tendency, the mean, median, and mode. In the second half, it will cover three...  [view full summary]
This chapter presents two important interrelated topics in statistics: central tendency and variability. Measures of central tendency show how similar the data points in a set of data are, while measures of variability show how much the data points vary. The first half of this chapter discusses three important measures of central tendency, the mean, median, and mode. In the second half, it will cover three measures of variation, the range, standard deviation, and variance.
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Standard Scores Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Standard Scores
By: Edwin P. Christmann and John L. Badgett
Grade Level: High School, Middle School
In this chapter, the authors will discuss the following types of standard scores: percentile ranks, z-scores, and T-scores. All are based on concepts—such as the mean, the normal distribution, and the standard deviation—already familiar to you from the last two chapters. In the case of class rank, however, keep in mind that a percentile rank from an ordinal scaled score should be used.
In this chapter, the authors will discuss the following types of standard scores: percentile ranks, z-scores, and T-scores. All are based on concepts—such as the mean, the normal distribution, and the standard deviation—already familiar to you from the last two chapters. In the case of class rank, however, keep in mind that a percentile rank from an ordinal scaled score should be used.
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The Chronology of Course Design Book Chapter
Book Chapter
The Chronology of Course Design
By: Bonnie S. Wood
Grade Level: College
Although the unpredictability of leading a lecture-free class may be unsettling at first, the author encourages you to embrace the energy that accompanies this pedagogy. Flexibility and responsiveness to what happens during each class meeting with each unique group of students are the keys to the success of her methods. This free selection describes the author’s 13 steps for course design, which can be adapted to teaching in a wide range of disciplines...  [view full summary]
Although the unpredictability of leading a lecture-free class may be unsettling at first, the author encourages you to embrace the energy that accompanies this pedagogy. Flexibility and responsiveness to what happens during each class meeting with each unique group of students are the keys to the success of her methods. This free selection describes the author’s 13 steps for course design, which can be adapted to teaching in a wide range of disciplines and grades. Also included are the Table of Contents and Index.
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Introduction Book Chapter
Book Chapter
Introduction
By: Dennis Smithenry and Joan Gallagher-Bolos
Grade Level: High School
In this chapter, the authors introduce themselves, discuss their previous and current collaboration, and describe the separate roles that each assumed in the research project. They also outline the layout of the rest of the book.
In this chapter, the authors introduce themselves, discuss their previous and current collaboration, and describe the separate roles that each assumed in the research project. They also outline the layout of the rest of the book.
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Member Price: $2.79      Nonmember Price: $3.49
Results: 1 - 10 of 2081 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ... 209 Next