Absolute Zero - The Cold, Hard Facts About the Coolest Stuff in Physics
Dr. William D. Phillips
William D. Phillips received a Ph.D. from MIT in 1976. After two years as a Chaim Weizmann postdoctoral fellow at MIT,
he joined the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) (then the National Bureau of Standards) in 1978.
He leads the Laser Cooling and Trapping Group in the Atomic Physics Division of NIST's Physics Laboratory. The group
has developed many of the techniques for cooling, trapping and manipulating atoms that are in general use around the
world. In 1997 Phillips shared the Nobel Prize in Physics "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with
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Underwritten by the National Science Foundation
and Alfred P. Sloan Foundation.