National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Heat Transfer: MESSENGER--My Angle on Cooling

In this web seminar, participants were guided through two hands-on activities from the MESSENGER education module that demonstrate the effects of distance and angle of inclination on the absorption of energy. During the program, educators learned about the MESSENGER mission to Mercury and the challenges engineers faced as they developed ways of keeping the spacecraft and its delicate instruments and circuits cool as it orbits Mercury.


This web seminar is part of a series of electronic professional development experiences sponsored by the NASA Explorer Schools (NES) project. NASA Explorer Schools invests in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics educators to inspire and engage a whole generation of future scientists, engineers and technicians that NASA needs to continue our journey. NES gives educators of grades 4-12 free access to NASA’s people, missions, research, and facilities. We take the work out of searching through thousands of materials on the NASA website and provide a comprehensive set of teaching materials for dozens of STEM concepts. For additional information about the NASA Explorer Schools project, visit

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