Impact of Polar Climate Change on Living Systems
Dr. David Kirchman
Dr. David Kirchman was born and grew up near Green Bay, Wisconsin. He received a B.A. in Biology from Lawrence University, which is just
south of Green Bay, and a Ph.D. in environmental microbiology from Harvard University in 1982. After postdoc stints at the University of
Georgia and the University of Chicago, he joined the faculty at the University of Delaware in 1986 where he has been since. He served as
the director for the Marine Biology-Biochemistry program in Delaware's College of Marine and Earth Studies and was also the associate
dean 2001-2006. He is now the Maxwell P. & Mildred H. Harrington Professor of Marine Studies. In addition to publishing over 100
papers, he is the editor of the book "Microbial Ecology of the Oceans" and has nearly finished a sequel to it. His research is
focused on understanding the role of bacteria and other microbes in the carbon cycle of the oceans. One of his current projects
is to examine microbes in coastal waters off of Barrow, Alaska, but other projects have taken him to Antarctica, on oceanographic
cruises from Hawaii to Tahiti, and to the mangrove forests of Costa Rica, where his wife is originally from. He doesn't windsurf a
ny more, but he still enjoys other sports, including golf sometimes with his wife.
Dr. Rolf Gradinger
Dr. Gradinger studied biology at two universities in Mainz and Kiel, Germany, earning a Masters and Doctorate degrees
in marine biology at Kiel University. Since completing his PhD, his main interest has been in Arctic sea ice ecology,
which he explored as a Post-Doc and Assistant Professor at two institutions in Germany. In 2001 he moved to Alaska to
work as a polar ecologist at the School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences at the University of Alaska in Fairbanks.
Recently he explored the activity and diversity of life in Arctic sea ice in various locations, including three Arctic
expeditions with ice breakers for two projects funded by the National Science Foundation and more than 10 trips to
Besides his research, Dr. Gradinger leads the Census of Marine Life Arctic Ocean Diversity project and is a member
of various national research committees (e.g. UNOLS AICC, NSF BEST Scientific Steering Group). He is also the editor
of the journal Polar Biology. In his spare time Dr. Gradinger enjoys listening to classical music, birding,
fishing, kayaking, and spending time with his family.
Dr. Jacqueline Grebmeier
Dr. Jacqueline Grebmeier is Research Professor and a biological oceanographer at
the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. She is the U.S. delegate to the International
Arctic Science Committee (IASC), a current member of the U.S. Polar Research Board
of the National Academies, and served formerly as a member of the U.S. Arctic Research
Commission following appointment by President Clinton. She has contributed to coordinated
international and national science planning efforts including service on the steering
committee for U.S. efforts in the upcoming International Polar Year. Over the last
twenty years she has participated in over 33 oceanographic expeditions on both U.S.
and foreign vessels, many as Chief Scientist, and she is the overall project lead
scientist for the U.S. Western Arctic Shelf-Basin Interactions project, which is
one of the largest U.S. funded global change studies now underway in the Arctic.
Her research includes studies of pelagic-benthic coupling in marine systems, benthic
carbon cycling, benthic faunal population structure, and polar ecosystem health,
and she has published over 60 peer-reviewed scientific papers.
Her role in many international research projects includes coordination of the benthic
biological and sediment tracer studies and analysis of ecosystem status and trends
on Arctic continental shelves. A recent study in which she was lead author that
was published in Science provides some of the first direct evidence for biological
community responses to warming and oceanographic shifts in the Bering Sea ecosystem
and she has also served as editor of several books and journal special issues.
Amy Clapp is a fourth, fifth, and sixth grade science teacher at Salisbury Community
School in Salisbury, Vermont. She also serves as the Addison Central Supervisory
Union Science Curriculum Coordinator, and is a Science Network Leader for the state
of Vermont. In 2004 and 2005 she was a teacher in the TREC (Teachers and Researchers
Exploring and Collaborating) program. She traveled to rivers in Siberia, Canada,
and Alaska, working alongside scientists on a global climate change study.
Since returning from her fieldwork, she has brought her experiences into the classroom
and to other teachers by acting as the teacher consultant on the Student-Partners
Project and developing lessons based on her experiences. Additionally, her consultant
work has included giving presentations and conducting workshops at the Vermont Science
Teachers Association conference, the Museum of Science in Boston, and American Geophysical
Union. Amy is a graduate of Colby College, and the University of Montana. She holds
a Masters of Science Education from the Vermont Colleges.
Betty Carvellas is a teacher and science department co-chair at Essex High School
in Essex Junction, Vermont. Her professional service includes work at the local,
state and national levels. She served as co-chair of the Education Committee and
was a member of the Executive Board of the Council of Scientific Society presidents
and is a past president of the National Association of Biology Teachers.
In 1981 Ms. Carvellas received the Sigma Xi Outstanding Vermont Science Teacher
Award, in 1984 she received the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science and
Mathematics Teaching, and in 2000 she was named Honorary Member of the National
Association of Biology Teachers. In 2001 Ms. Carvellas was selected for the NSF
funded TEA program, Teachers Experiencing Antarctica and the Arctic, and she has
spent four summers working with scientists in the Bering Sea and Arctic Ocean. Ms.
Carvellas was a charter member and chair of the Vermont Standards Board for Professional
Educators and served on the Board of Directors of the Biological Sciences Curriculum
Her interests include interdisciplinary teaching, connecting "school" science to
the real word, traveling with students on international field studies, and bringing
inquiry into the science classroom. Ms. Carvellas was a charter member of the Teacher
Advisory Council of the National Academies and she served as chair of the ad hoc
committee that organized the TAC's 2004 workshop on Linking Mandatory Professional
Development to High Quality Teaching and Learning.
Dr. R. Max Holmes
Dr. R. Max Holmes is an earth system scientist at the Woods Hole Research Center
in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. He works in the Arctic on issues related to global
climate change, focusing on large rivers flowing into the Arctic Ocean and how their
hydrology and biogeochemistry is changing as the earth warms. His “Student Partners
Project” involves K-12 students and teachers from Russia, Canada, and Alaska in
arctic research, in part to benefit the research but also because he believes that
student and teacher involvement is one of the best ways for the science to have
a positive impact on society. Dr. Holmes is a member of the SEARCH (Study of Environmental
Arctic Change) Science Steering Committee and is Chair of the SEARCH Education and
Outreach Working Group.
For more information contact firstname.lastname@example.org
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Underwritten in part by NSF, NASA, and NOAA.